- Handmade Glass:
Glass was known in history mixed with sea sand, it was the Syrian Phoenicians who diffuse glass by their trade. Syrian has been interested in this craft in particular and specialized in a number of the old Damascene neighborhoods. Syrians are considered the first to form handmade glass by blowing method.
A blowpipe ( or a blow tube ) is a tool of handmade glass industry, it is used to inflate molten glass into a bubble. The glassmith makes short puffs of air into the glass gather that is spooled at the end of the pipe and work on by pressing into a desired shape.
Glass is used to make all house pots such as cups, jars, vases and drinking vessels.
- Glass Painting and Engraving:
It is a very old craft that our grandparents were contemporary of and whose children keep it on. They devised modern paintings that are compatible with reality and its new character. It’s an art craft before we call it inherited. It is usual to see glass panels having paintings of scenes and people in Aleppo and Damascus shops that represent many themes such as Noah’s Ark, Hajj, bright birds and folk tales like Antar and Abla.
They coat the glass with adhesive paper then start drawing on the glass neck and sides of the glass piece. After that they start with the process of inscriptions and drawing by a by scalpel then we get a unique piece of art at the end when we remove the adhesive paper.
- Polished Glass:
This industry depends on hand-cut plaster of different sizes and certain geometric shapes and then they place pieces of colored glass that is locally made up or imported from abroad. This craft is used to decorate windows of mosques, churches and palaces and it’s considered one of the major practical arts.
The main materials used are gypsum with stained glass in addition to the following items ( plastic – hemp peel – painting - rub paper – adhesives ) and other tools like drill, saw and wires.